Presidential Circular No. 2021/18 announced Turkey’s national artificial intelligence strategy for 2021 through 2025 on 20 August 2021.
The strategy, prepared by the Presidency’s Office of Digital Transformation and the Ministry of Industry and Technology, covers education, R&D studies, international collaborations, employment and professions, the transformation of institutions and companies, and ethical and legal aspects of the matter.
Ethically, the human-oriented and reliable artificial intelligence approach stands out. This approach bases its foundation on principles set by OECD, G20, EU, and UNESCO.
In line with these principles, Turkey has also adopted reliable and responsible artificial intelligence values, which are mainly:
Based on these values, the ethical principles are as follows:
These values and principles are in harmony with universal ethical principles, and data sovereignty is relatively new. This principle aims to protect the rights of sovereign states arising from international law in the management of data. So, for implementing this principle effectively, we should balance international data sharing policies and make technically viable regulations regarding data privacy, data security, and cloud computing, considering the specific rules of cyberspace.
The main legal goal in the artificial intelligence strategy is regulating to accelerate socioeconomic adaptation.
In line with this goal, the strategy envisages that the rule-makers formulate legal regulations considering international regulations. While regulations must be compatible with international regulations, we should also consider the software and IT dimensions of the issue, and technical infrastructure and protocols should support legal rules. Thus, we should ensure that the regulations are also technically applicable.
In parallel with this, the strategy considers in-service training for practitioners to raise awareness about artificial intelligence technologies. Thus, preparing the judiciary and public authorities for artificial intelligence-related disputes that may arise until we have legal regulations in place may prevent potential rights violations or prolonged disputes. In this respect, the primary focus areas are:
Suggestions for Legal Policies
In addition to the goals and strategies mentioned above, we think legal policy studies should consider the below matters as well in the medium and long terms:
Av. Müge Önal Başer, LL.M., LL.B.